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Definition

An autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by microcephaly and moderately severe hypotonia manifesting at birth, seizures that progress into infantile spasms with hypsarrhythmia, brain atrophy with bilateral polymicrogyria and pachygyria, thin corpus callosum, and mild reduction in cerebellar vermis volume. Patients also display optic atrophy, severe cognitive delay, puffiness of the maxillary region of the face, and edema of the dorsum of the hands and feet.

Acronym

PEHOL

Synonyms

PEHO syndrome-like

Keywords

Neurodegeneration
Epilepsy
Mental retardation